ArchiWEB Explorer: Latin America

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These Are The Latin American Cities With The Best Quality of Life

© <a href=''>Jimmy Baikovicius [Flickr]</a>, licensed under  <a href="">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageMontevideo, Uruguay © <a href=''>Jimmy Baikovicius [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageMontevideo, Uruguay

Mercer, the multinational consultancy recently announced that Vienna, Austria has been ranked as the city with the best quality of life in the world, for the ninth year in a row. In a ranking that is dominated by European cities in the highest positions, this year Vancouver (5th), Singapore (25th) and Port Louis (83rd) are the highest-ranking cities in North America, Asia, and Africa, respectively. 

6 Upcoming Projects that Will Improve the Quality of Life in Colombia

Museo Nacional de la Memoria / MGP + estudio.entresitio. Image Cortesía de MGP Arquitectura y Urbanismo / estudio.entresitio Museo Nacional de la Memoria / MGP + estudio.entresitio. Image Cortesía de MGP Arquitectura y Urbanismo / estudio.entresitio

Colombia is a country whose architecture continues to surprise us with projects that seek to improve the quality of life of its residents, which in turn tends to attract individuals to learn and contribute to proposals that generate and create much more vibrant cities.

The city's advances in architecture and urbanism in recent years have materialized in a series of programs and projects in other cities, awakening the interest of professionals and academics from architecture and global urbanism.

What Makes a City Livable to You?

© <a href=''>Flickr user Hafitz Maulana</a> licensed under <a href=''>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageA music festival in Singapore © <a href=''>Flickr user Hafitz Maulana</a> licensed under <a href=''>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageA music festival in Singapore

Mercer released their annual list of the Most Livable Cities in the World last month. The list ranks 231 cities based on factors such as crime rates, sanitation, education and health standards, with Vienna at #1 and Baghdad at #231. There’s always some furor over the results, as there ought to be when a city we love does not make the top 20, or when we see a city rank highly but remember that one time we visited and couldn’t wait to leave.

These Are The 20 Most Livable Cities in the World in 2018

© <a href=''>Miroslav Petrasko [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageViena, Austria © <a href=''>Miroslav Petrasko [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageViena, Austria

For the ninth consecutive year, Vienna reaches the first place in Mercer rankings on cities with the best quality of life in the world. Despite the current economic volatility in the European continent, the Austrian capital joins eight other European cities in the top ten. 

This is the 20th edition of the Mercer Rankings. The consultancy, which specializes in advising multinational companies in the transfer of employees, evaluated more than 450 cities around the world. Their rankings take into account 39 factors divided into 10 categories, including political and economic environment, socio-cultural status, sanitation, educational and leisure opportunities, housing markets and natural disasters.

Anna Puigjaner on Why We All Should Adopt Her "Kitchenless" House Ideology

Courtesy of Anna Alba Yruela via Metropolis Courtesy of Anna Alba Yruela via Metropolis

Spanish architect Anna Puigjaner has revealed how she is applying her “Kitchenless” housing typology within her own projects in a recent interview with Metropolis Magazine as one of their 2018 Game Changers. After receiving funding from the Harvard GSD Wheelwright Prize for her controversial proposition in 2016 (after which ArchDaily published an interview with her), Puigjaner talks about the time she spent traveling the world and visiting the many different cultures that share her idea of communal cooking, adding that millennials are more inclined to co-habit or share resources.

The kitchen is the most provocative part of the house. It has been used as a political tool for a long time, to the point that nowadays we can’t accept living without a kitchen.

On the Other Side of the Wall of Shame in Lima, Peru

© Orestis Karagiannis © Orestis Karagiannis

Warning: this article proposes a narrative according to the route taken from one side to the other of the wall, from the predictable to the most unpredictable. To better situate ourselves, the narrative will be told through my personal experience.

"Do you know the wall that divides the rich from the poor?," asked three Greek travelers who, after visiting the "pretty" side of Lima, suspected that something was hiding behind appearances. But, "how is it that from, even though you're from the other side of the world, you knew about the wall?" Well, news travels. And "why is this wall something that has to be seen in our city?" if it's not a cause for pride. I knew exactly what they were talking about. I spelled it out: the wall of shame. Certainly, I wasn't familiar with it in situ either, since I hadn't left my urban bubble, like many of those who live in these parts, so with the same curiosity, as a tourist of my own city, we made our way.

In World's First 3-D Printed Community, Houses will be Built in 24 Hours for $4000

Courtesy of ICON and New Story Courtesy of ICON and New Story

Tech gets a bad rap for serving developed economies in the interest of money-making. It often takes a few cycles for the technologies that are truly helpful to reach the developing world, hence the unfortunate, slow-draining term called the “trickle effect.”

ICON, a construction company in Austin, Texas, and New Story, a non-profit focusing on housing, have come up with a 3D printer that can build move-in-ready houses for just $4000. The printer, called the Vulcan, is capable of printing a 650sqft, single-story home out of cement in 12-24 hours. And perhaps as a small way to upturn the trajectory of innovation, they are going to move the printer to Latin America, to create the world's first 3D printed community in El Salvador by next year. 

The proof-of-concept home currently sits in Austin, Texas. The house has a living room, bedroom, bathroom and a curved porch. It was unveiled last week during the SXSW Conference 2018.

Latin America's First Earthship is a Sustainable School Built from Found Materials

via Earthship Biotecture / Tagma via Earthship Biotecture / Tagma

Seeking to combine traditional education with the responsible use of resources and the development of sustainable human relations, the first sustainable public school in Latin America was created. Designed under a constructive method developed by the North American architect Michael Reynolds, who has now built such schools around the world.

The 270 square meters building is on the coastal portion of Jaureguiberry, Canelones and was raised in only seven weeks. Its construction is made up of approximately 60% recycled materials (covered with plastic and glass bottles, cans, cardboard) and 40% of traditional materials.

From the architects. The Earthship, as Reynolds calls it, seeks to make the most of the energy of the sun, water, wind, and earth. To do this, the surroundings are sensitive to the orientations, opening to the north to make the most of light and solar energy through a wide glass corridor that acts as a distributor of the three classrooms and two wings of the school, projecting to the exterior a simple and forceful facade dominated by glass and wood.

Contemporary Architecture Captured by Mexican Photographers

via Portada via Portada

The history of Mexican photography has contributed to highlighting Mexico's presence in the world. Photographers like Elsa Medina, Lola Álvarez Bravo, Graciela Iturbide, Maya Goded, and Juan Rulfo have masterfully portrayed the life of the buildings, houses and the streets of a rapidly built, nineteenth-century Mexico. 

As a consequence, the contemporary scene of Mexican photography has become a fundamental tool for architecture and has contributed to a better visual understanding of the works that are erected every day.

Photography and architecture are two disciplines that go hand in hand and whose relationship has been reinforced thanks to the digital tools that we currently have. For that reason, we have compiled the work of contemporary Mexican photographers who record our walk through the world we live in and contribute to constructing the image of contemporary Mexico. 

Lorena Darquea

Lorena Darquea (1987), is an Ecuadorian architect and photographer who graduated from the Faculty of Architecture of the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM), at its Monterrey campus, in 2010. She started in architectural photography and visual arts at Aalto University in Helsinki, Finland.