ArchiWEB Explorer: Museum of Modern Art

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AD Classics: AT&T Building / Philip Johnson and John Burgee

© David Shankbone © David Shankbone

It may be the single most important architectural detail of the last fifty years. Emerging bravely from the glassy sea of Madison Avenue skyscrapers in midtown Manhattan, the open pediment atop Philip Johnson and John Burgee’s 1984 AT&T Building (now the Sony Tower) singlehandedly turned the architectural world on its head. This playful deployment of historical quotation explicitly contradicted modernist imperatives and heralded the mainstream arrival of an approach to design defined instead by a search for architectural meaning. The AT&T Building wasn’t the first of its type, but it was certainly the most high-profile, proudly announcing that architecture was experiencing the maturation of a new evolutionary phase: Postmodernism had officially arrived to the world scene.

MAMBA Renovation / MSGSSS

© Andrés Negroni © Andrés Negroni
  • Architects: MSGSSS
  • Location: Av. San Juan 350, C1147 AAO, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Author Architects: MSGSSS (Manteola, Sánchez Gómez, Santos, Solsona, Sallaberry, Vinsón arquitectos) + Matias Ragonese
  • Architects In Charge: Carlos Sallaberry, Matias Ragonese
  • Area: 4800.0 m2
  • Project Year: 2018
  • Photography: Andrés Negroni
  • Structure: Estudio Guitelman
© Andrés Negroni © Andrés Negroni

Text description provided by the architects. The project aims to refurbish the Museum of Modern Art in the city of Buenos Aires, unifying two existing buildings, with the aim of improving the experience of visitors and increase the space for the exhibition of works.

MoMA Announces Five Finalists for 2019 PS1 Young Architects Program

Courtesy of Pedro & Juana Courtesy of Pedro & Juana

The Museum of Modern Art and MoMA P.S.1 have announced the five finalists of their 2019 Young Architects Program (YAP). The competition was founded to offer emerging architectural talent the opportunity to design a temporary, outdoor installation within the walls of the P.S.1 courtyard for MoMA’s annual summer “Warm-Up” series. Architects are challenged to develop creative designs that provide shade, seating and water, while working within guidelines that address environmental issues, including sustainability and recycling.

Courtesy of Matter Design Courtesy of Matter Design

The finalists include:

Iconic Columns in Modern Brazilian Architecture

© Joana França. Image Palácio da Alvorada © Joana França. Image Palácio da Alvorada

Of Le Corbusier's five points of modern architecture (the ribbon window, free design of the façade and ground plan, a roof garden, and pilotis), pilotis are perhaps the most used element in Brazilian modern architecture.

Independently of typology or scale, from the 1940s onward Brazilian architects began to add sophistication to buildings’ structures. Architects Oscar Niemeyer, João Batista Vilanova Artigas, Paulo Mendes da Rocha, and Affonso Eduardo Reidy conceived true works of art from the aesthetical, visual and technical-structural point of view.

Oscar Niemeyer

Of the renowned group of architects who settled in Rio de Janeiro and grew to international fame in the 1940s and 1950s, perhaps Oscar Niemeyer developed the greatest number of structural experiments. Slim, bold, sometimes gravity-defying and innovative, Niemeyer's columns highlighted his genius and, particularly, his experimental labs.

Designed for Disassembly: Architecture Built with its Own End in Mind

[ By SA Rogers in Architecture & Cities & Urbanism. ]

Few of us make plans for our lives with our own deaths in mind, so perhaps it’s not surprising that architects don’t usually spend much of the design process thinking about the virtually inevitable demolition of their creations. It might seem as morbid and premature as college graduates making plans for their own funerals, but considering the entire life cycle of a structure before it’s even built could have a massive impact on the amount of waste we generate – and help us adapt to the uncertain conditions of the future.

Though some buildings and infrastructure may stand for many hundreds of years, the vast majority of it is rendered obsolete in a matter of decades. Practical needs and aesthetic preferences change, and materials wear down. Currently, about 80% of all materials and minerals in circulation in the U.S. economy are consumed by the construction industry, and about 70% of construction waste is concrete.

Philip Johnson: A Complicated, Reprehensible History

© Richard Barnes © Richard Barnes

This interview was originally published on Common Edge as "Mark Lamster on His New Biography of Philip Johnson."

Philip Johnson lived a long and extraordinarily eventful life. He was an architect, a museum curator, a tastemaker, a kingmaker, a schemer, an exceptionally vivid cultural presence. Mark Lamster, architecture critic of the Dallas Morning News and Harvard Loeb Fellowship recipient, has now written a thoroughly engaging biography of him entitled, Philip Johnson, Architect of the Modern Century: The Man in the Glass House. I talked to Lamster two weeks ago about the book and the bundle of contradictions that was Philip Johnson.

Tianjin Binhai Museum / gmp Architects

West elevation. Image © Christian Gahl West elevation. Image © Christian Gahl
  • Architects: gmp Architects
  • Location: Binhaixinqu, Tianjin, China
  • Architect In Charge: Meinhard von Gerkan, Stephan Schütz, Stephan Rewolle
  • Project Leader : Jinying Sui, Sebastian Linack
  • Area: 26500.0 m2
  • Project Year: 2017
  • Photographs: Christian Gahl