ArchiWEB Explorer: European Union

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Reaction And Fire Resistance: How Are Materials Classified In The Event Of A Fire?

Conceptual Diagram. Image © ArchDaily Conceptual Diagram. Image © ArchDaily

In case of fire, protecting the lives of people is the most important. All occupants of the building should have the opportunity to evacuate on time, and the time available depends largely on the materials chosen and their behavior during fire exposure.

In order to facilitate and optimize this process, the European Union has adopted the Standard EN 13501 [1], introduced in the 2000s, which specifies a series of classes that determines the anti-fire properties of different materials. Their classifications are unified and compared based on the same test methods, and are currently used as a reference in many countries around the world.

Because of the architect’s role in choosing materials for projects, we have compiled the most important nomenclature to better understand the level of security of our built environment.

Grand Parc Bordeaux Wins 2019 EU Prize for Contemporary Architecture - Mies van der Rohe Award

© Philippe Ruault, via EU Mies. ImageTransformation of 530 dwellings / Lacaton & Vassal © Philippe Ruault, via EU Mies. ImageTransformation of 530 dwellings / Lacaton & Vassal

Transformation of 530 Homes – Grand Parc Bordeaux by Lacaton & Vassal architectes, Frédéric Druot Architecture and Christophe Hutin Architecture has been awarded the 2019 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award. The innovate renovation of three large blocks of social housing in Bordeaux was praised for “radically improving the space and quality of life of its occupants” and for optimizing their economic and environmental cost of living.

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5 Projects Shortlisted for 2019 EU Mies Prize for Contemporary Architecture

Courtesy of the EU Mies Prize Courtesy of the EU Mies Prize

Five finalist projects have been shortlisted for the 2019 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture, an award given jointly by the European Commission and the Mies van der Rohe Foundation. The biennial prize, for which ArchDaily is a media partner, recognizes the Europe-located projects that demonstrate excellence in "conceptual, social, cultural, technical, and constructive terms."

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Occidentului 40, Photographed Through the Lens of Laurian Ghinitoiu

© Laurian Ghinitoiu © Laurian Ghinitoiu

Occidentului Street is fairly typical for Bucharest - a combination of villas, wagon-houses, inter and post-war structures. ADN BA's Occidentului 40, recognized in the EU Mies Prize's 2019 shortlist, is a masterclass in architectural detail and subtlety. The volume is composed of blocks, each responding to the heights and rhythms of the surrounding context.

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Skälsö Arkitekter

Skälsö Arkitekter
Bunker 104 . Bungenäs Skälsö Arkitekter . photos: © Bruno Ehrs Bunker 104 as part of masterplan and holiday houses in Bungenäs among the 383 works nominated for EU Mies Award 2019. _ The masterplan is developed in order to preserve both the natural landscape as well as the areas marked by heavy military usage … Continue reading Skälsö Arkitekter

Print Your City: Custom Street Furniture Made of Plastic Household Waste

[ By SA Rogers in Design & Furniture & Decor. ]

Citizens of Thessaloniki, Greece can bring their plastic household waste to a “zero waste lab,” use software to design their own custom recycled street furniture and watch it take form via 3D printer. The project is the latest from “Print Your City,” a creative initiative by Dutch research and design studio The New Raw that combines DIY urbanism interventions with smart use of freely available materials.

The team hopes to create circular waste streams within the city, engaging local residents in the process and enhancing public spaces at the same time. Print Your City takes municipal plastic waste, grinds it up into pellets or flakes and feeds it into 3D printers to produce street furniture that’s extremely tough and durable.

Groupwork + Amin Taha

Groupwork + Amin Taha
168 Upper Street . London Groupwork + Amin Taha . photos: © Timothy Soar 168 Upper Street among the 383 works nominated for EU Mies Award 2019. The parade of buildings between Waterloo Terrace and Barnsbury Street, of which the proposed site forms the north corner, act as a prominent and all but intact late … Continue reading Groupwork + Amin Taha

Shortlisted Projects Announced for the EU Mies Award 2019

The European Commission and the Mies van der Rohe Foundation have announced the 40 shortlisted works that will compete for the 2019 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award. The Prize, for which ArchDaily is a media partner, has seen a jury distill 383 nominated works into a 40-project-strong, celebrating the trends and opportunities in adaptive reuse, housing, and culture across Europe.

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The Environmental Cost of Cement, and What to Do About It

Sesc Pompeia / Lina Bo Bardi. Image © Fernando Pires Sesc Pompeia / Lina Bo Bardi. Image © Fernando Pires

For thousands of years, concrete has been a foundation of the built environment: the most widely used man-made material on the planet. However, as architects, and the public alike, sharpen their focus on the causes and effects of climate change, the environmental damage caused by cement has become a subject of unease.

As exhibited in a recent in-depth article by Lucy Rodgers for BBC News, cement is the source of about 8% of global CO2 emissions. The piece was written off the back of the UN’s COP24 climate change conference in Poland and found that in order to meet the requirements of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, annual cement emissions must fall by 16% by 2030.

If the cement industry were a country, it would be the third largest emitter in the world – behind China and the US. It contributes more CO2 than aviation fuel (2.5%) and is not far behind the global agriculture business. (12%).
-Lucy Rodgers, BBC News